Die struck vs Casting badges

The Top 5 Differences Between A Die Struck Badge And One Made From A Casting

by Blackinton on Tuesday, November 07, 2017

​Many folks wear badges, but few understand the process of making a police or fire badge.  In this post we highlight the two most common methods of creating a badge; casting and striking with a steel die.  Here we compare and contrast providing you with the top 5 differences between a die struck badge and one made from casting.

  1. We start at the beginning with the base metal which is formed into the shape of the badge, essentially the badges backbone.

    CASTING:  In casting there are three metals generally used: Brass, Bronze, and Zinc – which are melted down and poured into a mold.

    DIE: Conversely a die stamped badge is created from a solid durable base material like Hi-Glo, Rho-Glo, Nickel, etc. – the base material is not melted down the thick gauge metal is softened and stamped.

  2. Forming the shape of the badge involves two very different processes.  Since the processes affect the durability of the finished badge you should make sure to ask how your metal badge is created.

    CASTING:  A casting is created from molten metal poured into a mold which contains a hollow cavity made in the shape of the badge you desire.  Because the composition of the base metal is broken down during the melting process the final product is weaker compared to that of a die created badge.  Also, brass and bronze casting have poor detail quality where as a die cut badge has crisp lines capturing every subtle detail of the design.

    DIE: The base metal is stamped using a hydraulic press holding a steel die that drops 600 tons of force onto a 5 ounce piece of raw metal.  The steel die has a reverse relief of the badge design cut into it.  The metal is hit by the hydraulic press between 3 and 12 times depending upon individual design requirements.   The pressure squeezes the metal into the shape and form of the die.

  3. Heat is a very important element used in the creation of a badge not only in forming its shape, but there are finishing processes that require heat.  If a badge cannot withstand high temperatures the finishing processes will be negatively affected.

    CASTING:  A zinc casting, due to its low melting temperatures, cannot be hard enameled, because hard enamel is fired in 1400 degree ovens.  Also, attachments have to be soft soldered, or fusion welded onto the back of the badge.  These operations create a weak bond drawing durability into question.

    DIE: A die struck badge can withstand the high oven temperatures used for hard enamel, also the attachment is adhered using electronic fusion and baking them in the oven for a permanent solder bond between the badge and attachment.

  4. Size matters and it should be consistent from one badge to the next.

    CASTING:  Due to the casting process shrinkage occurs in the production of a badge, which produces roughly  2-3% variations in the overall shape of the badge.

    DIE: A die cut badge is cut from the same die each time, the metal is pressed not melted and then trimmed using the same trimming tools each time, so the size of the badge never fluctuates.  ​

  5. Badge consistency is important to most departments, not only when it comes to the size of a badge but as it applies to the color/finish of the badge.

    CASTING:  
    There are six variations of bronze casting grain alloy material used in the casting process which can affect the visual shade of the raw bronze, so each badge run could produce a fluctuation in the shade of the badge (lighter or darker).

    DIE: A die cut badge is created from one base metal with no other alloys mixed in that could affect the overall color or strength of the badge.   A finished badge is electroplated with a deposit of gold or other precious metal over the base metal, offering another layer of durability to your badge.  The higher end base meals like HI-Glo and Rho-Glo require no plating they are highly polished and then a clear coating is applied to the badge to enhance its durability.

    Because the badge is such an iconic symbol for public safety professionals it is important to ensure the badge that is being pinned on is one that will last, and stand up to the rigors of the job.   At Blackinton all of our badges are made in our Massachusetts factory using steel dies.

    If you would like to learn more about the process of making a die struck badge we encourage you to watch our video series #BadgeBuild, CLICK HERE​, which consists of nine short videos.  We follow the journey of a piece of metal through our factory and watch as this metal is transformed into a piece of art – a police badge!

Understanding Smith & Warren Finishes

Every Smith & Warren badge is built to last a lifetime, and Smith & Warren is the only manufacturer to guarantee your badge with a Full Lifetime Warranty.

Standard Finishes

Nickel Electroplate 

The most economical silver tone finish, a hard layer of nickel electroplate provides a high degree of durability without a high price, but may lose some luster with age

Rhodium Electroplate
A bright and brilliant silver tone finish that will not tarnish; a great combination of shine and durability.

Gold Electroplate
A pure 24K gold electroplated finish applied over a nickel base provide a gold finish that is tarnish-resistant, but may show some wear over time.

Gunmetal/Black

On the computer this may appear as a shade of grey. The actual finish is a very dark grey that is almost black. The actual badge you receive may be significantly darker than what is displayed on your screen or device.

Please also note that black enamel lettering is difficult to see on the Gunmetal/Black finish. For lettering color we recommend choosing either no enamel or a color of enamel that contrasts with black.

Pink with nickel seal

Pink with gold seal

Deluxe Finishes

Sil-Ray™
Heavy silver tone electroplated layers combined with our extremely hard protective coating produce a brilliant finish that will stand the test of time.

Gol-Ray™
The most durable gold finish, combining heavy electroplated layers of 24K gold with an extremely hard protective clear coat, the result is a gold finish
that outshines the competition.

Sil-Ray base with Gol-Ray panels
The best of both worlds, Sil-Ray™  base with Gol-Ray™ panels combine to form a two tone finish that is bright, durable and consistent.

Gol-Ray base with Sil-Ray panels
The best of both worlds, Gol-Ray™  base with Sil-Ray™ panels combine to form a two tone finish that is bright, durable and consistent.

Cote D’Or™
The ultimate fine gold finish, our thickest layer of 24K gold plate and our ultra durable clear coat, provides a presentation quality finish; an
excellent choice for awards, gifts and display badges.

 

Understanding Blackinton Badge Finishes

 Nickel

Nickel Solution applied by electroplating to base material, silver in color. Most cost effective finish.
*Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Fair strength, may lose luster with age

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No | Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Rhodium

Platinum precious metal group applied by electroplating over bright nickel base. Brilliant white color. Very popular finish.
*Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Tarnish resistant will not discolor or peel

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No | Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Rho-Glo®

Base material with solid silver color throughout, requires no surface plating. Brilliant luster. Highly polished silver color.
*Hard enamel and a full color seal are standard. STANDARD

Hardness/Durability -Very durable

Finish Life-Time Warranty – Yes | Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Silver Oxide

Any base material heavy plated silver, oxidized then hand rubbed off leaving the appearance of natural oxidation from age.
* Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. NON-STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Nickel Oxide

Any base material plated nickel, oxidized, and then rubbed off leaving the appearance of natural oxidation from age.
* Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. NON-STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

 Gold Plate

Base material golden color throughout, requires no surface plating. Brilliant luster. Highly polished gold color.
*Hard enamel and a full color seal are standard. STANDARD

Hardness/Durability -Very durable

Finish Life-Time Warranty – Yes | Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

​VHB KK

Heavy gold electroplate (HGE) is the ultimate in 24K+ fine gold plate. This process applies a uniformly thick coating of tarnish proof high karat gold, purer and more durable than gold plate.
*Hard enamel and a full color seal are standard. STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Tarnish proof and purer and more durable then gold plate​

Finish Life-Time Warranty – Yes| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

VHB Bronze

A base material, blackened and hand rubbed leaving the appearance of natural oxidation from age. A popular finish for commemorative badges.
* Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. NON-STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Rose Gold

A darkened gold electroplated base material which is hand rubbed to create the appearance of an antique gold finish. Another popular commemorative badge finish.
*Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. NON-STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

​Chocolate Bronze

A base material, hand rubbed to create the appearance of a chocolate antique finish.
*Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. NON-STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Green Bronze

CDA 260 brass oxidized, and rubbed off to create the appearance of a natural oxidation from age in a green tinted bronze finish.
*Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. NON-STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

VHB Black

Subdued black finish over a base material minimal reflection. Mainly used by undercover detectives, SWAT, etc.
*Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

MILITARY BLK (Swat, Undercover) select Nickel finish for pricing – type MB in the special instructions area

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Gunmetal

Our newest charcoal finish features a hint of blue, and unlike the matte finish of VHB Black, Gunmetal has a slight sheen. A great finish for commemorative or anniversary badges, as well as undercover detectives.
*Regular enamel and plain seal is standard.  STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Pink

One of our newer finishes created for our Breast Cancer Awareness Line of badges. A bold pink finish is over a base material, and lacquered for durability.
*Regular enamel and plain seal is standard. We can not use hard enamel on this finish. NON-STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

When Ordering PINK – select Nickel finish for pricing – type PI in the special instructions area 

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

 Kelly Green

One of our newest finishes created for Emerald Societies, Pipe & Drums, and Irish public safety professionals, etc. A bold green finish is applied over a base material, and lacquered for durability.
*Regular enamel is standard. We can not use hard enamel on this finish. NON-STANDARD

ORDERING: To order write KG Finish in special instructions

  • KG can be used on most Blackinton badge styles
  • KG regular enamel can be used in lettering
    • Order by stating color as KG NOT green

PRICING: Kelly green (KG) is the same price as rhodium finish

SEAL STANDARDS: (Unless otherwise specified)
  • Plain seals will be kelly green like the finish
  • One and full color seals will be gold plate
LETTERING STANDARDS:  Only regular enamel (No Hard Enamel)
  • White lettering is standard on KG finish, unless otherwise specified

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Violet

Our new Domestic Violence Violet is a vibrant purple. The violet finish is applied over a base material, and lacquered for durability.
*Regular enamel is standard. We can not use hard enamel on this finish. NON-STANDARD​​

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

VIOLET​ (​Domestic Violence) select Rhodium finish for pricing – type DV in the special instructions area

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Blue

Our new blue finish was created for Autism awareness month. This blue finish is applied over a base material, and lacquered for durability.
*Regular enamel is standard. We can not use hard enamel on this finish. NON-STANDARD

Hardness/Durability – Lacquered for durability​

BLUE​ (Autism Awareness) select Rhodium finish for pricing – type AB in the special instructions area

Finish Life-Time Warranty – No| Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

 

Two-Tone

Combination of gold and silver colors. Badges with applied panels will consist of Hi-Glo® & Rho-Glo®. One piece badges will consist of Hi-Glo® panels and rhodium background or Rho-Glo® panels and gold plate background.
*Hard enamel and a full color seal are standard.  STANDARD

Hardness/Durability -Very durable

Finish Life-Time Warranty – Yes | Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Two-Tone Gunmetal

Combination of gunmetal and either silver or gold panels. Badges will consist of Hi-Glo® or Rho-Glo® panels and gunmetal plated background.
*Hard enamel and a full color seal are standard.  STANDARD

Hardness/Durability -Very durable

Finish Life-Time Warranty – Yes | Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes

Tri-Tone

Combination of three finishes. Generally a silver, gold, and bronze finish. A very complex badge to manufacture. Tri-Tone badges must be custom quoted. Tri-tone is a great finish for a special anniversary badge. *Hard enamel and a full color seal are standard.  NON-STANDARD

Hardness/Durability -Very durable

Finish Life-Time Warranty – Yes | Mfg Defect Life-Time Warranty – Yes